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30 شماره آخر

  • شماره 4837 -
  • ۱۳۹۹ شنبه ۲۰ دي

Whether mazut is consumed or not?

Whether mazut is consumed or not is a question that is now not so important for the people who are trapped under the heavy burden of air pollution on the one hand and the spread of Coronavirus on the other; what is important is for the people to eliminate or reduce the pollution.
What is being forgotten is the implementation of a law called the Clean Air Act; a law that requires 21 organizations to prioritize the country’s air pollution situation. This law remains unimplemented until next year when the pollution starts again.
In response to Zahra Nejad Bahram, who is a member of the Tehran City Council, the Environment Organization denied the use of mazut in Tehran’s power plants, announcing, “Do not deal politically with air pollution”. Nejad Bahram emphasized that “the capacity of refineries is full of mazut and because of international sanctions no one buys it and we have to burn mazut in cities”. Two weeks after the controversy over this claim, the head of the environmental organization officially mentioned the use of mazut in the country’s power plants and acknowledged that this was undertaken by order of the Deputy Attorney General.
In his last interview with the Hamedli newspaper, Issa Kalantari mentioned, “The Deputy Attorney General has issued a circular to the provinces that you should not prevent fuel oil from being burned in power plants and industries. It means that someone who has to enforce the Clean Air Act, for security reasons, has concluded that this mazut should be burned”.
There are fossil fuels, particularly in mazut and diesel. According to the head of the environmental organization, the country’s refineries produce more than 25% of mazut with between 400,000 and 500,000 barrels of mazut being produced in the country per day and these fuel oils must either be exported or consumed. While it is not possible to export them due to sanctions, these fuel oils are used in heavy industries and lead to air pollution in metropolitan areas.
“We do not ignore people and their health due to economic constraints. I believe that the priority of the country is the health of the people. Otherwise, the Corona headquarters would not have been formed and no plans would have been made to protect the health of the people. People are complaining to us but we are also complaining about this air pollution situation,” she said. This member of the City Council believes that despite the great pressures on the City Council to be responsible for the air pollution situation in Tehran, this council does not have sufficient legal authority in the matter. Although there is no objection to the installation of soot filters on buses in the Tehran City Council, Nejad Bahram believes that due to the lack of authority of the municipality, the municipality and the council can only make suggestions to solve this problem and have no executive power.

 

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